MLA Quick Guide
MLA Style Format
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- The Works Cited list appears at the end of your paper, on its own page, with the title Works Cited (not bolded or underlined) centered on the top, and continuing the page numbers of the text.
- A Works Cited list should include only the sources referred to in your paper.
- Begin each entry flush with the left margin and indent subsequent lines five spaces. This is called a hanging indent; it can be formatted in the paragraph menu of Word.
- The Works Cited page should be double-spaced.
- Alphabetize the Works Cited page by the first author’s last name. If author is unknown, alphabetize by whatever appears first in the entry.
- The in-text citation should include the author(s) last name(s) and page number.
- If you include a URL, do not include http://.
General Format: Author Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. Publisher, Publication Date.
The author's name should be given as it is listed on the title page of the text, but with last name first.
In-text citation: (Kasson 36)
Two or three authors:
For multiple authors, only reverse the first author's name. Do not change the order in which the authors are listed.
In-text citation: (Grossberg, Nelson, and Treichler 210)
More than three authors:
Use “et al.” after the first author’s name in place of listing subsequent authors.
In-text citation: (Stein et al. 45)
No author identified:
List by book title.
In-text citation: (New York Public Library American History Desk Reference 15)
Entire anthology or compilation:
In-text citation: (Feldman 300)
Work in an anthology or chapter in a book:
General Format: Last name, First name. "Title of Essay." Title of Collection, edited by Editor's Name(s), Publisher, Year, pp. x–x.
In-text citation: (Jackson 23)
Magazine or newspaper articles:
Abbreviate all months except May, June and July.
General Format: Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Periodical, Day Month Year, pp. x–x.
In-text citation: (Wright 24)
In-text citation: (Harris B1)
General Format: Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Journal, vol. X, no. X, Year, pp. x–x.
In-text citation: (Cnattinguis et al. 2477)
Encyclopedia article or dictionary:
Do not cite the editor of the encyclopedia. If no author is available start with the title of the article.
In-text citation: (Mohanty 456)
The performance title will be in italics for books, plays, and films and in quotation marks for articles, poems, and short stories.
General format: Review Author. "Title of Review." Review of Performance Title, by Author/Director/Artist. Title of Periodical, Day Month Year, page.
In-text citation: (Kermode 16)
MEDIA AND INTERVIEWS
Broadcast television or radio program:
General format: “Title of Episode.” Name of Series. Network name, Station call letters, City, Date of broadcast.
In-text citation: ("The Phantom of Corleone")
General format: “Title of Episode.” Name of Series or Collection, directed by Name, Distributor Name, Date of distribution.
In-text citation: (“The One Where Chandler Can’t Cry”)
Films or movies:
General format: Title. Directed by Name, Studio or Distributor, performances by Names, release year.
In-text citation: (It's a Wonderful Life)
Interview that is broadcast or recorded:
Include as much information as you have.
In-text citation: (Updike)
Include the name of the interviewee and the date you conducted the interview.
In-text citation: (Nye)
ELECTRONIC SOURCES (WEB PUBLICATIONS)
General format: Author. “Title.” Title of container (self-contained if book), Other contributors (translators or editors), Version (edition), Number (vol. and/or no.), Publisher, Publication Date, Location (pages, paragraphs and/or URL, DOI or permalink). 2nd container’s title, Other contributors, Version, Number, Publisher, Publication date, Location, Date of Access (if applicable).
Example using an E-Book
In-text citation: (Seton 30)
ARTICLES FROM LIBRARY DATABASES
Often scholarly journal articles from databases include a DOI (digital object identifier). If a DOI is given, cite that in place of the URL.
General Format: Author. “Title.” Journal Title, vol. X, no. X, Publication Date, pp. X-X. Database Name, doi:XXXXX or URL. Accessed Day Month Year.
Article from a magazine:
In-text citation: (Betz 12)
Article from an academic journal:
In-text citation: (Conley 59)
Article from a newspaper:
In-text citation: (Rosenblum 01E)
When no author is given start with the article title.
In-text citation: (“Alterity”)
General Format: Editor, author, or compiler name (if available). Name of Site. Version number, Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher), date of resource creation (if available), URL. Date of access.
An entire website:
In-text citation: (Huffpost)
A page on a website:
In-text citation: (Stroke Health Center)
Article from a web page:
In-text citation: (Mozes)
In-text citation: (News & Events: Bisophenal A (BPA))
Online Video or Film:
In-text citation: (Shimabukuro)
Online Visual Art (Photographs, etc):
General Format: Artist's name, Title of artwork, date of creation, Institution and City where the work is housed. Title of Website, URL. Date of access.
In-text citation: (Greenspun)
Blog Posting, Listserv, or Discussion:
General Format: Editor, screen name, author, or compiler name (if available). “Posting Title.” Name of Site, Version number (if available), Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher), Date published, URL. Date of access.
In-text citation: (Kristoff)
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